India’s Moon Mission: How ISRO Plans to Put an Astronaut on the Lunar Surface by 2040

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ISRO’s Vision for Lunar Exploration: Aiming to Land an Indian on the Moon in the Next Two Decades

India has set an ambitious goal to send its first astronaut to the moon by 2040, following the success of its Chandrayaan-3 lunar mission in 2023. The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is working on a roadmap for lunar exploration, which will include developing a next-generation launch vehicle, building a new launch pad, constructing human-centric laboratories and technologies, and launching a series of Chandrayaan missions, according to a statement by Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s office on Tuesday.

The moon mission is part of India’s vision to establish its own space station, called “Bhartiya Antariksha Station” (Hindi for Indian Space Station), by 2035. The space station will be a platform for conducting scientific experiments and testing new technologies in microgravity. India also plans to collaborate with other countries and international agencies for joint space exploration and research.

From Chandrayaan to Gaganyaan: India’s Journey Towards Sending a Human to the Moon

ISRO is currently preparing for its first human spaceflight project, called “Gaganyaan”, which aims to launch three crew members to an orbit of around 400 kilometers for three days by 2025. Four test pilots from the Indian Air Force have been selected as astronaut-designates for the mission, and are undergoing training in Russia. ISRO chief S Somanath said that the Gaganyaan mission will be a stepping stone for the moon mission, as it will test the capabilities of the human-rated launch vehicle, the crew module, the life support system, and the recovery system.

India’s space ambitions have gained momentum in recent years, as the country has opened up its space sector for private participation and innovation. In June 2020, the government created the Indian National Space Promotion and Authorisation Centre (IN-SPACe) as a nodal agency to facilitate and regulate the activities of private space players. This has led to the emergence of over 150 space tech startups in the country, working on various domains such as satellite manufacturing, launch services, data analytics, and space tourism. The government has also announced a new space policy, which will provide guidelines for collaboration, procurement, and foreign direct investment in the space sector.

Prime Minister Modi expressed confidence in India’s capabilities and affirmed the nation’s commitment to scaling new heights in space exploration. He said that India’s space achievements will not only benefit the country, but also contribute to the global welfare and peace.

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